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In this section:
- A 'website' is a collection of web pages, published together on the Internet by one person or organisation under the same domain name (Internet address).
- 'Internet' refers to Internet resources that are usually provided in the form of hypertext documents commonly referred to as 'web pages' and may incorporate any combination of text, graphics, or other digital objects.
Copyright protection of on-line material
Material on the Internet is protected by copyright. It is important to realise that the material that comprises a website will be protected by copyright and that various pieces of content may be owned by different people.
See 1.5: Who owns Copyright? for further information
For example, a webpage may contain the following content:
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Other useful definitions
Download means transferring data (usually a file) from another computer to the computer you are using.
Upload means transferring data (usually a file) from the computer you are using to another computer or server.
Webcast or streaming refers to the live presentation of information in a continuous (streaming) format delivered through the Internet. A webcast might be associated with other web pages or other web-browser-based content in addition to the live stream.
Copying and communicating material from the Internet
In general, copyright in print, musical and artistic works, sound recordings or film contained on the Internet will not be infringed, where the copy or communication is done:
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- Copying with permission of the copyright owner
Most websites specify what uses visitors can make of the material contained on the website. Users should search the site to see if there are any permissions given to use the material for educational purposes. Permissions are usually found on buttons or links called 'copyright' or 'disclaimer' or a file headed 'conditions of use'.
Some websites allow users to forward articles to interested persons by way of email. Permission to forward a copy or link to an on-line article will be implied where the webpage contains an icon with the words 'Email this article to a friend' or there is some other invitation to copy or communicate.
There are four situations where a school/TAFE will have permission to copy material from the Internet without relying on the Statutory Broadcast and Text/Artistic Licences:
- Fair dealing
The copying of web material for fair dealing purposes is free and does not require the permission of the copyright owner. The fair dealing exceptions most relevant for educational institutions and students are:
- research or study - eg students downloading articles from the Internet for their research and study
- criticism or review - eg students reviewing websites for a student publication. The source material, the author and copyright owner (if different) must be identified
- parody or satire – eg students copying extracts of webpages to include in parodies or satires (such as in a classroom PowerPoint presentation).
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